Punjabi Language History, Courses, Certification, Quiz, Learning Resources, How to Learn Guide

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Embark on a linguistic adventure through the captivating world of Punjabi with our comprehensive guide. Delve into the rich history of the Punjabi language, tracing its roots and evolution. Discover a multitude of certified Punjabi language courses designed to suit learners of all levels. Explore a wealth of language learning resources that will empower you to master Punjabi effortlessly. Whether you’re a beginner or seeking advanced proficiency, unlock the secrets of Punjabi with courses tailored to your needs. Start your journey to Punjabi fluency today!

Take a Quiz to Evaluate your Punjabi Language Skills to Continue with the Course Selection

What script is used to write Punjabi?
How many letters are there in the Punjabi Gurmukhi script?
How do you say "hello" in Punjabi?
Which of the following is the Punjabi word for "yes"?
What does "ਧੰਨਵਾਦ" (Dhanvaad) mean in English?
Which Punjabi festival celebrates the harvest season and is known for its vibrant dances like Bhangra and Giddha?
In Punjabi, "ਕੁੜੀ" (Kudi) means:
What is the Punjabi word for "food"?
In Punjabi, "ਮਾਂ" (Maan) means:
What is the capital of Punjab, a state in India where Punjabi is widely spoken?
Which Punjabi dish is made from deep-fried gram flour dumplings served in yogurt?
How do you say "I don't understand" in Punjabi?
What is the Punjabi word for "water"?
In Punjabi, "ਪਿੱਛੇ" (Picche) means:
Which famous Punjabi musician is known for popularizing Bhangra music worldwide?
How do you say "goodbye" in Punjabi?
What is the Punjabi word for "book"?
Which Punjabi festival celebrates the bond between brothers and sisters and involves tying a protective thread (rakhi)?
What is the Punjabi word for "cow"?
Which traditional Punjabi dance involves spinning and is often performed during celebrations?
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What is the Punjabi Language?

Punjabi, an Indo-Aryan language, holds a place of prominence as one of the most widely spoken languages in the Indian subcontinent. It is primarily spoken in the Punjab region, which encompasses areas of both India and Pakistan. Punjabi is not just a language; it’s a vibrant and integral part of the Punjabi culture, celebrated for its rich history and diverse dialects.

Origin of Punjabi

The origin of Punjabi can be traced back to the Indo-Aryan language family. It evolved from the Prakrit and Apabhramsha languages and shares linguistic ties with other Indo-Aryan languages like Hindi and Urdu. As the Punjabi region witnessed various historical and cultural influences, including Persian and Arabic, the language absorbed elements from these cultures, contributing to its unique character.

History of Punjabi Language

The history of the Punjabi language is a fascinating journey through the annals of time. Over centuries, it underwent transformations and adaptations, influenced by the diverse cultures and civilizations that converged in the Punjab region. The written history of Punjabi dates back to the medieval period, with the Punjabi script, Gurmukhi, originating in the 16th century under the guidance of Guru Angad Dev Ji, the second Sikh Guru. This script played a pivotal role in preserving Punjabi literature and scriptures.

Today, Punjabi stands as a testament to the resilience of a language that has withstood the test of time, carrying with it the rich tapestry of the Punjab’s cultural heritage.

Punjabi Online Courses for Beginners, Intermediate & Advanced Level

1. Learn Punjabi Language Online with Ling – Master Punjabi

Join over 5 million language learners worldwide and discover the best way to learn Punjabi with Ling. This comprehensive Punjabi course offers interactive exercises, engaging activities, and a mix of languages to choose from. Improve your pronunciation, practice with mini-games, and track your progress with fun quizzes. Master four language skills in just 10 minutes a day. Whether you’re a beginner or advanced learner, Ling guarantees an amazing language experience.

Duration: Self-paced

Price: FREE Trial Available

Key Topics Covered:

  • Vocabulary and Grammar Tips
  • Comprehension Checks
  • Listening Skills
  • Conversational Fluency
  • Language Levels (Beginner to Advanced)


  • Interactive Chatbot
  • Mini-Games for Practice
  • Audio from Native Speakers
  • Proven Learning Methods
  • Fun and Engaging Lessons

Certification: Not specified

Access Duration: Lifetime access to course materials

How to Access: Website, Mobile App (iOS and Android)

Rating: ★★★★☆ (4.8)

Explore Ling and embark on your Punjabi language journey today!

2. e-learnPunjabi – Unlock the Richness of Punjabi Language

Discover the beauty of the Punjabi language with e-learnPunjabi, an online course designed to cater to Punjabi enthusiasts worldwide. Whether you’re drawn to Punjabi culture, planning a visit to Punjab, or simply want to learn a widely spoken language, this course is perfect for you. Dive into the vibrant world of Punjabi with comprehensive lessons, including Gurmukhi alphabet and language fundamentals. Explore Punjabi dance, music, and script, and embrace the essence of this rich language.

Duration: Self-paced

Price: FREE Trial Available

Key Topics Covered:

  • Introduction to Punjabi Language


  • Interactive Lessons
  • Comprehensive Gurmukhi Alphabet Learning
  • Cultural Insights
  • Emphasis on Script (Gurmukhi)
  • Access to Punjabi Dance and Music
  • Language Essentials

Certification: Not specified

Access Duration: Lifetime access to course materials

How to Access: Website, Mobile, Mobile App (iOS or Android)

Rating: ★★★★☆ (4.0)

3. Learn Punjabi Language – Comprehensive Course for Beginners” – Udemy

Embark on your Punjabi language journey with this highly-rated course. Designed for beginners, it offers a thorough understanding of Punjabi speaking and writing through English. With a 3.6/5 rating, it’s a trusted choice for 67 students. In just over an hour, grasp Punjabi alphabets, grammar, and basic vocabulary. No prior knowledge needed; start from scratch. Interactive lectures make learning easy and relatable to daily life. By the course end, you’ll fluently speak and write Punjabi.


  • 1 hour 4 minutes

Price: $4.99

Key Topics Covered:

  • Punjabi Alphabets
  • Punjabi Grammar


  • Interactive Lectures
  • Vocabulary Enhancement
  • Suitable for Beginners
  • Money-Back Guarantee


  • Certificate of completion

Access Duration:

  • Full lifetime access

How to Access:

  • Website, Mobile, and TV

Rating: ★★★☆☆ (3.6)

4. Master Punjabi Language – Your Path to Multicultural Proficiency – Punjabi Courses Hub

Explore the vibrant world of Punjabi with Punjabi Courses Hub. Unlock the beauty of Punjabi language, spoken by over 100 million people in the Punjab region and beyond. Our courses cater to beginners, intermediate learners, and those seeking advanced fluency. Immerse yourself in Punjabi literature and culture, perfect for students of religion, history, and anthropology. Learn to read and speak Punjabi with expert guidance. Join us on a linguistic journey through this rich heritage.


  • Varies by course level


  • FREE Petition-Based Enrollment (Subject to FAS language tutorial guidelines)

Key Topics Covered:

  • Introduction to Punjabi Language
  • Intermediate Punjabi Proficiency
  • Advanced Punjabi Fluency


  • Personalized Instruction
  • Emphasis on Written Expression
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Oral Fluency Development
  • Gurmukhi Script Learning
  • Ideal for Multidisciplinary Studies


  • Not specified

Access Duration:

  • Varies by individual course and enrollment method

How to Access:

  • Via online petition form for enrollment

Rating: ★★★★☆ (4.0)

Elevate your cultural and academic journey with Punjabi Courses Hub. Join us to embrace Punjabi language and culture, from beginners to advanced learners. Dive into the rich heritage and linguistic intricacies of Punjabi. Discover the importance of Punjabi in religion, history, economics, and more. Enroll now for personalized guidance and unlock the world of Punjabi proficiency.

5. Learn Punjabi Course – Langma School of Languages

Explore the rich Punjabi language with Langma School of Languages’ comprehensive courses. Suitable for beginners, intermediate, and advanced learners, these courses cover speaking, writing, reading, and listening skills. Learn about Punjabi culture and build confidence in practical situations. Join a supportive environment with experienced teachers. Certification is provided upon course completion.


  • 2 hours/session


  • FREE Trial Available

Key Topics Covered:

  • Introduction to Punjabi
  • Vocabulary and Grammar
  • Socio-cultural Elements
  • Everyday Communication
  • Noun Classes
  • Expressing Likes and Dislikes
  • Leisure Activities
  • Describing Daily Life
  • Travel Conversations
  • Advanced Grammar and Vocabulary
  • Restaurant and Hotel Situations
  • Asking for Directions
  • Planning Journeys
  • Adjectives and Locations


  • Interactive Classes
  • Experienced Teachers
  • Personalized Feedback
  • Certificate Upon Completion


  • Certificate provided

Access Duration:

  • Self-paced

How to Access:

  • Website

Rating: ★★★★☆ (4.5)

6. Punjabi Language Course – Learn Punjabi Online – Memrise

Explore the rich Punjabi language with Memrise’s online course. Suitable for beginners and intermediate learners, this course offers a comprehensive review of Punjabi basics, including pronunciation, basic sentences, personal pronouns, verb conjugation, and more. Dive into Punjabi culture and communication effortlessly. Whether you’re interested in travel, culture, or connecting with Punjabi speakers, this course is your gateway. Start your Punjabi language journey now with Memrise.

Duration: Self-paced

Price: FREE

Key Topics Covered:

  • Pronunciation
  • Basic Sentences
  • Personal Pronouns
  • Verb Conjugation
  • Declension of Adjectives
  • Possessive Adjectives
  • Cultural Phrases
  • Numbers and Time


  • Interactive Multimedia Lessons
  • Engaging Exercises
  • Pronunciation Practice
  • Real-life Cultural Insights
  • Self-paced Learning

Certification: Not specified

Access Duration: Lifetime access

How to Access: Website, Mobile, Mobile App (iOS and Android)

Rating: ★★★★☆ (4.0)

Unlock the beauty of the Punjabi language with Memrise’s free online course. Perfect for beginners and intermediate learners, this course covers everything from pronunciation to cultural phrases. Dive into Punjabi culture and communication with engaging multimedia lessons and real-life insights. Whether you’re traveling or connecting with Punjabi speakers, Memrise has you covered. Start your Punjabi language journey today!

7. Punjabi Language Speaking Course for Tourists and Beginners” – Udemy – 78% Off

Explore the rich history of the Portuguese language and unlock a world of opportunities with certified courses and abundant language learning resources. Dive into the captivating evolution of Portuguese, from its roots to modern usage. Discover the best courses offering certification, empowering you to embrace this global language. Enhance your linguistic journey with comprehensive resources, making your Portuguese learning experience seamless and rewarding. Uncover the beauty of Portuguese and equip yourself for cultural immersion and professional growth. Start your Portuguese language adventure today!

Duration: 1 hour and 26 minutes

Price: $4.99

Key Topics Covered:

  • Essential Punjabi words for beginners
  • Important Punjabi sentences for tourists
  • Communicating with taxi drivers
  • How to apologize and reply to an apology


  • 1.5 hours on-demand video
  • 2 practice tests
  • Access on mobile and TV
  • Full lifetime access
  • Certificate of completion


  • Certificate of completion

Access Duration:

  • Full lifetime access

How to Access:

  • Website, Mobile, Udemy Mobile App (iOS, Android)


  • ★★★★★ (5 stars)

Unlock the world of Punjabi with this beginner-level course designed for tourists. Learn essential Punjabi words and common sentences for effective communication during your travels. With 1.5 hours of on-demand video, practice tests, and full mobile and TV access, this course provides a quick and comprehensive introduction to Punjabi. Gain confidence communicating with taxi drivers and learn how to apologize and reply in Punjabi. Start your Punjabi language journey today with this 78% off discount.

8. Learn Punjabi Online – Master Punjabi with ’50LANGUAGES'”

Discover Punjabi, a language spoken by over 100 million people worldwide, with the comprehensive course ‘Punjabi for beginners.’ Explore Punjabi culture, cuisine, and script, Gurmukhi, while gaining access to job opportunities and enriching your understanding of this vibrant language. Whether you’re a beginner or advanced learner, ’50LANGUAGES’ offers 100 Punjabi lessons organized by topic, audio files by native speakers, and offline learning through their Android and iPhone app. Start your Punjabi learning journey today!

Duration: Self-paced

Price: FREE

Key Topics Covered:

  • Basic Punjabi Structures
  • Practical Sentences
  • Culture, Cuisine, and Script
  • Intellectual Growth through Language Learning


  • 100 Free Lessons
  • Audio Files by Native Punjabi Speakers
  • Android and iPhone App for Offline Learning
  • Printed Materials Available (English – Punjabi for beginners)

Certification: Not specified

Access Duration: Unlimited

How to Access:

  • Website
  • Mobile App (Android and iPhone)

Rating: ★★★★☆

9. PIMSLEUR PUNJABI LEVEL 1 LESSONS 1-5 – Learn Punjabi Course – Pimsleur Method

Discover the power of the Pimsleur Method with this Punjabi course. It includes 5 audio lessons, each 30 minutes long, available for streaming or download via the Pimsleur Mobile App or on your computer. With syncing across devices, offline mode, and the ability to share with household members, learning Punjabi becomes a breeze. Why choose Pimsleur? It’s quick, portable, scientifically proven, self-paced, and cost-effective. Start your Punjabi journey today with lessons featuring native speakers and master this unique Indo-Aryan language.

Duration: 2.5 hours of language instruction

Price: FREE Trial Available

Key Topics Covered:

  • Introduction to Punjabi
  • Conversational Vocabulary
  • Pronunciation and Comprehension
  • Language Structures and Dialogues
  • Tonal Aspects of Punjabi


  • 30-minute core lessons
  • Sync progress across devices
  • Offline mode for on-the-go learning
  • Shareable with household members
  • Compatible with Amazon® Echo® devices
  • Proven research on memory and learning
  • Suitable for ages 13 and above

Certification: Not specified

Access Duration: Unlimited access to course materials

How to Access: Website, Mobile App (iOS and Android), Amazon® Echo® devices

Rating: ★★★★★ (5 stars)

Experience the Pimsleur Method and join learners like Jeff from Washington who found it more effective than traditional methods.

10. Punjabi Language Course – Learn Reading & Writing in an Hour – “Learn Punjabi”

Discover the efficient way to learn Punjabi with this comprehensive course. Designed for beginners, this course has a 4.5-star rating and is ideal for those seeking to read and write Gurmukhi (Punjabi), improve pronunciation, and speak Punjabi fluently. With no prerequisites required, you’ll delve into Punjabi consonants, vowels, tonal sounds, gemination, nasalization, and key signs like tippi, bindi, and addak.

Duration: 1 hour 23 minutes

Price: ₹4.99

Key Topics Covered:

  • Reading Gurmukhi (Punjabi)
  • Writing Gurmukhi (Punjabi)
  • Improving Punjabi Pronunciation
  • Speaking Fluent Punjabi


  • 1.5 hours of on-demand video
  • Access on mobile and TV
  • Full lifetime access
  • Certificate of completion

Certification: Certificate of completion

Access Duration: Lifetime access

How to Access: Website, Mobile, TV

Rating: ★★★★☆ (4.5 stars)

Unleash your Punjabi language potential with this highly-rated course. Whether you want to read, write, or speak Punjabi fluently, this comprehensive program provides a solid foundation. You’ll explore Punjabi consonants, vowels, tonal sounds, gemination, nasalization, and key signs like tippi, bindi, and addak. With a 4.5-star rating and a 30-day money-back guarantee, this course is perfect for beginners looking to enhance their Punjabi language skills.

11. Master Punjabi Online – Expert Tutoring by Cudoo

Unlock the vibrant world of Punjabi with our Level 1 course. Dive into this dynamic Indo-Aryan language spoken by over 100 million native speakers worldwide. Whether you’re a beginner or seeking to brush up your Punjabi skills, our course caters to all levels. Learn everyday conversation essentials, from greetings to talking about professions, colors, and even food. With lifetime access, mobile compatibility, and a certificate of completion, your journey to Punjabi fluency starts here.

Duration: Self-paced

Price: $12.99 (One-time payment)

Key Topics Covered:

  • Introduction and Greetings
  • Numbers, Days, and Time
  • Countries and Professions
  • Food, Colors, and More


  • 20 Comprehensive Lessons
  • Full Lifetime Access
  • Certificate of Completion
  • Mobile Compatibility
  • Access to 800+ Professional Courses (Cudoo PRO)

Certification: Certificate of Completion

Access Duration: Lifetime

How to Access: Website, Mobile, and Mobile App (iOS/Android)

Rating: ★★★★☆ (4.5)

12. Learn Punjabi Language Online – International House Vancouver – Courses and Certification

Unlock new career opportunities with online live Punjabi classes at International House Vancouver. Whether you’re a beginner or advanced learner, our flexible and interactive Punjabi courses will enhance your communication skills and cultural understanding. Join experienced instructors for immersive language and culture lessons. Enroll today to explore Punjabi language and culture.


  • Session F: 27 days, 10 hours, 00 minutes, 35 seconds
  • Each session consists of 8 classes, 2 hours each, spanning over 2 months


  • Upon Request

Key Topics Covered:

  • Pronunciation
  • Vocabulary
  • Sentence Structures
  • Communication Skills
  • Cultural Insights


  • Interactive Live Classes
  • Small Class Size (10 students)
  • Native Speaker Instructors
  • Comprehensive Learning Materials
  • Immersive Cultural Experience

Certification: Not specified

Access Duration:

  • Live classes with scheduled sessions

How to Access:

  • Online via MS Teams
  • In-person class at IH West Pender Campus, Vancouver, BC

Rating: ★★★★☆ (4.5)

This Punjabi language course at International House Vancouver offers immersive learning, covering pronunciation, vocabulary, sentence structures, and communication skills. With small class sizes and native speaker instructors, you’ll gain cultural insights while developing a strong language foundation. Flexible online and in-person options make it accessible for all. Don’t miss the Early Bird Discount; enroll now to enrich your life with Punjabi language and culture.

13. 17 Minute Languages – Learn Punjabi Course

Discover the unique and efficient Punjabi course that promises fluency in as little as 17 minutes a day. Experience accelerated learning with the long-term memory method and superlearning technology. Join a vibrant community of language learners and gain access to invaluable travel vocabulary. This comprehensive course covers essential Punjabi words and phrases for various situations, ensuring you’re well-prepared for your trip. Get started with a free trial and embark on a journey to mastering Punjabi.

Duration: Self-paced

Price: FREE Trial Available

Key Topics Covered:

  • Vocabulary for Travel
  • Long-term Memory Learning
  • Varied Learning Exercises
  • Verb Training
  • Everyday Dialogues
  • Superlearning Music
  • Guided Meditation
  • Grammar Introduction


  • Multifaceted Learning Methods
  • Native Speaker Recordings
  • Detailed Statistics and Progress Tracking
  • Learning Partner Groups
  • Grammar Lessons

Certification: Not specified

Access Duration: Unlimited

How to Access: Website, PC, Smartphone, Tablet

Rating: ★★★★☆

14. Wisconsin Intensive Summer Language Institute (WISLI) – Punjabi Course

Embark on a language-learning journey with WISLI’s Punjabi course. This intensive 8-week program condenses a full year of Punjabi language study, making it perfect for beginners and advanced learners alike. Dive into classroom instruction and cultural immersion, enhancing your skills and fluency. WISLI offers cost-effective learning, with both virtual and in-person formats available. Join a diverse community of students, researchers, and professionals, and gain cultural expertise along with language proficiency. Don’t miss this opportunity to enrich your academic and career prospects.

Duration: 8 weeks

Price: Affordable rates, see website for details

Key Topics Covered:

  • Comprehensive Punjabi language instruction
  • Cultural learning and immersion
  • Multiple levels of proficiency catered to
  • Diverse co-curricular activities


  • Expert language instructors
  • Combination of online and in-person classes
  • Rigorous pace for skill and cultural fluency development
  • Enriching academic and career prospects

Certification: Certificate of Completion

Access Duration: Throughout the 8-week program

How to Access: Visit the SASLI website for application and course details

Rating: ★★★★★

Unlock Punjabi language proficiency and cultural expertise with WISLI’s intensive 8-week program. Suitable for all levels, this course blends classroom instruction with co-curricular activities, ensuring an enjoyable learning experience. Join a diverse community of learners and enhance your academic and professional journey. Apply now to secure your spot and explore funding opportunities for this enriching language adventure.

15. Punjabi Language Course – Learn Punjabi Online

Discover the best Punjabi language courses online. Whether you’re a novice or looking to enhance your Punjabi skills, our courses cater to all levels. Choose from our range of customizable lessons with professional tutors and enjoy one-on-one, personalized learning experiences. Gain fluency, confidence, and cultural insight with Punjabi lessons tailored to your needs. Explore Punjabi modules, conversational skills, business language, and more. Start your Punjabi journey today with native tutors and flexible scheduling.

Duration: Varies based on the selected course

Price: Starting from $30 for a Trial Lesson

Key Topics Covered:

  • Novice Punjabi
  • Professional tutors
  • One-on-one tutoring
  • Rate your tutor
  • Custom lessons
  • Best discount
  • Instant customer support
  • Daily conversations
  • Validity duration options
  • Custom lessons as per your needs
  • Understanding Punjabi movies
  • Punjabi lifestyle and culture
  • Marrying a native Punjabi


  • Native Tutors
  • Custom, live video lessons
  • One-to-one tutoring
  • Practice live speaking
  • Attractive discount options
  • Choose specific Punjabi modules
  • Get custom lessons in Punjabi

Certification: Not specified

Access Duration: Anytime, anywhere

How to Access: Through Skype

Rating: ★★★★★

100 Punjabi Words & Phrases to Start Learning

Punjabi TranscriptEnglish MeaningEnglish Pronunciation
ਸਤ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ (Sat Sri Akal)Hello / Greetingssut sree ah-kahl
ਕਿਵੇਂ ਹੋ? (Kiven ho?)How are you?kee-vehn hoh?
ਧੰਨਵਾਦ (Dhannvaad)Thank youdhun-vaad
ਕਿਰਪਾ (Kirpa)Pleasekeer-pah
ਕਿਹੜਾ? (Kihra?)Which one?kee-hra?
ਮੈਂ (Main)I / Memayn
ਤੁਸੀਂ (Tusi)You (formal)too-seen
ਤੂਸੀ (Tusi)You (informal)too-see
ਉਸ (Us)He / She / Itoos
ਸਾਨੂੰ (Sanu)We / Ussah-noo
ਤੁਸੀਂਆਂ (Tusiaan)You alltoo-see-ahn
ਉਹਾਂ (Uhaan)Theyooh-haan
ਕੀ (Ki)Whatkee
ਕਿਉਂ (Kiun)Whykyoon
ਕਿੰਨੀ (Kinni)How muchkin-nee
ਜਾਓ (Jao)Gojow
ਆਓ (Aao)Comeaa-ow
ਕਿਤੇ (Kitte)Wherekit-teh
ਸਹੀ (Sahi)Yessah-hee
ਨਹੀਂ (Nahi)Nona-heen
ਵੀ (Vi)Also / Toovee
ਹੌਸਲਾ ਰੱਖੋ (Hausla rakho)Keep the spirithow-slaa ra-kho
ਮਫ਼ਰ ਕਰੋ (Maaf karoo)Sorrymuhf-ur kar-oh
ਕਿਸਮਤ (Kismat)Luckkis-mut
ਦੋਸਤ (Dost)Frienddost
ਕੁੜੀ (Kudi)Girlkoo-dee
ਮੁੰਡਾ (Munda)Boymun-daa
ਸਪੱਟ (Sapatt)Cleansuh-put
ਗੰਦ (Gand)Dirtygun-d
ਮਜ਼ੇਦਾਰ (Mazedar)Deliciousma-ze-dar
ਖ਼ੁਸ਼ (Khush)Happykhush
ਉਦਾਸ (Udaas)Sadoo-das
ਬੁਦ਼ਬੁਦ (Budbud)Angrybud-bud
ਬਿਮਾਰ (Bimaar)Sickbi-maar
ਦੱਸੋ (Daso)Tell / Explainda-so
ਸੁਣੋ (Suno)Listensoo-no
ਖੇਡੋ (Khedo)Playkhay-doh
ਪੜ੍ਹੋ (Parho)Readpar-hoh
ਲਿਖੋ (Likho)Writeli-kho
ਬੋਲੋ (Bolo)Speakbo-lo
ਸਿਖੋ (Sikho)Learnsik-hoh
ਸਮਝੋ (Samjho)Understandsum-joh
ਕਿਤਾਬ (Kitab)Bookkit-aab
ਪੇਨਸਿਲ (Pencil)Pencilpen-sil
ਕੁਰਸੀ (Kursi)Chairkur-see
ਮੇਜ਼ (Maze)Tablemayz
ਅਕਲੀ (Akali)Smartah-ka-lee
ਗੰਦਾ (Ganda)Uglygun-da
ਸੁੰਦਰ (Sundar)Beautifulsun-dar
ਛੋਟਾ (Chhota)Smallchhoh-ta
ਵੱਡਾ (Vadda)Bigvad-da
ਪੰਖ (Pankh)Wingpunkh
ਪੰਖੁੜੀ (Pankhuri)Birdpun-khoo-ree
ਫੂਲ (Phool)Flowerphool
ਬਿੱਲੀ (Billi)Catbil-lee
ਕੁੱਤਾ (Kutta)Dogkut-taa
ਬੱਚਾ (Baccha)Childbutch-chaa
ਬੂਢ਼ਾ (Boodha)Oldboo-dha
ਨਵਾਂ (Nava)Newnuh-vaa
ਠੰਡ (Thand)Coldthund
ਗਰਮ (Garam)Hotguh-ram
ਪਾਣੀ (Paani)Waterpaa-nee
ਅੱਧੀ (Adhi)Halfud-dee
ਸਮਾਪਨ (Samaapan)Finishsum-aap-un
ਕੋਨਾ (Kona)Cornerkoh-nuh
ਪੱਖਾ (Pakha)Fanpukh-ha
ਜਾਦੂ (Jaadu)Magicjaa-doo
ਖ਼ਬਰ (Khabar)Newskhuh-bar
ਦਿਨ (Din)Daydin
ਰਾਤ (Raat)Nightraat
ਮਹੀਨਾ (Mahina)Monthmuh-hee-na
ਸਾਲ (Saal)Yearsahl
ਜੰਗਲ (Jangal)Forestjun-gul
ਕਿਸਾਨ (Kisaan)Farmerki-saan
ਦਵਾ (Dawa)Medicineduh-wa
ਸਕੂਲ (School)Schoolskool
ਕੇਂਦਰ (Kendar)Centerkehn-dar
ਸਿੱਖ (Sikh)Studentseekh
ਸ਼ਹਿਰ (Shehar)Cityshay-har
ਗਾਂਵ (Gaav)Villagegaav
ਪਰਵਾਹ ਨਹੀਂ (Parwah nahin)I don’t carepar-wah na-heen
ਖੁਸ਼ ਰਹੋ (Khush raho)Stay happykhush ra-hoh
ਖੁਸ਼ ਰਹਿਓ (Khush rahio)Stay happy (plural)khush ra-hee-oh
ਕੁਸ਼ੀ (Kushi)Happinesskoo-shee
ਦੁਖ (Dukh)Sorrowdukh
ਪਿਆਰ (Pyaar)Lovepyaar
ਘੁਸਸਾ (Gussa)Angergoos-sa
ਦੋਸਤੀ (Dosti)Friendshipdos-tee
ਖ਼ੁਦਾਈ (Khudai)Godkhoo-dai
ਦੁਆ (Dua)Prayerdoo-a
ਇਸ਼ਵਰ (Ishvar)God (another term)ish-var
ਜੰਗ (Jang)Warjung
ਸ਼ਾਂਤ (Shaant)Peaceshaant
ਵਕ਼ਤ (Waqt)Timewuq-t
ਖੁਸ਼ਬੂ (Khushboo)Fragrancekhush-boo
ਅੰਧਕਾਰ (Andhkaar)Darknessandh-kaar
ਸੂਰਜ (Sooraj)Sunsoo-raj
ਚੰਦ (Chand)Moonchund
ਸੀਤਲ (Seetal)Coolsee-tul
ਤੇਜ਼ (Tez)Fasttayz
ਗਰਮੀ (Garmi)Heatguhr-mee
ਬਰਫ (Baraf)Icebuh-raf
ਬੱਢ (Badh)Floodbudh
ਤੂਫ਼ਾਨ (Toofan)Stormtoo-fun
ਭੂਖ (Bhookh)Hungerbookh
ਪਿਆਸ (Pyaas)Thirstpyaas
ਸੁੰਦਰਤਾ (Sundarta)Beautysun-dar-ta
ਜੰਗਲੀ (Junglei)Wildjun-glee
ਵੀਰਾਂ (Veeraan)Desertvee-raan

Punjabi Characters / Letters

Punjabi TranscriptEnglish Pronunciation

These Punjabi characters are essential for understanding and writing in the Punjabi language. Practice them to become proficient in reading and writing Punjabi.

Numbers in Punjabi (0-100)

NumberPunjabi ScriptEnglish NumberPunjabi Pronunciation
21੨੧Twenty-oneikk vihee
22੨੨Twenty-twodoo vihee
23੨੩Twenty-threeteen vihee
24੨੪Twenty-fourchaar vihee
31੩੧Thirty-oneikk teehatt vihee
32੩੨Thirty-twodoo teehatt vihee
33੩੩Thirty-threeteen teehatt vihee
34੩੪Thirty-fourchaar teehatt vihee
35੩੫Thirty-fivepachaas teehatt
36੩੬Thirty-sixchhabbis teehatt
37੩੭Thirty-sevensaatah teehatt
38੩੮Thirty-eightatthaasi teehatt
39੩੯Thirty-nineunatt teehatt
40੪੦Fortychauda teehatt
41੪੧Forty-oneikk chauda teehatt vihee
42੪੨Forty-twodoo chauda teehatt vihee
43੪੩Forty-threeteen chauda teehatt vihee
44੪੪Forty-fourchaar chauda teehatt vihee
45੪੫Forty-fivepachaas chauda teehatt
46੪੬Forty-sixchhabbis chauda teehatt
47੪੭Forty-sevensaatah chauda teehatt
48੪੮Forty-eightatthaasi chauda teehatt
49੪੯Forty-nineunatt chauda teehatt
50੫੦Fiftypachaas teehatt
51੫੧Fifty-oneikk pachaas teehatt vihee
52੫੨Fifty-twodoo pachaas teehatt vihee
53੫੩Fifty-threeteen pachaas teehatt vihee
54੫੪Fifty-fourchaar pachaas teehatt vihee
55੫੫Fifty-fivepachaas pachaas teehatt
56੫੬Fifty-sixchhabbis pachaas teehatt
57੫੭Fifty-sevensaatah pachaas teehatt
58੫੮Fifty-eightatthaasi pachaas teehatt
59੫੯Fifty-nineunatt pachaas teehatt
60੬੦Sixtysaath teehatt
61੬੧Sixty-oneikk saath teehatt vihee
62੬੨Sixty-twodoo saath teehatt vihee
63੬੩Sixty-threeteen saath teehatt vihee
64੬੪Sixty-fourchaar saath teehatt vihee
65੬੫Sixty-fivepachaas saath teehatt
66੬੬Sixty-sixchhabbis saath teehatt
67੬੭Sixty-sevensaatah saath teehatt
68੬੮Sixty-eightatthaasi saath teehatt
69੬੯Sixty-nineunatt saath teehatt
70੭੦Seventysaath saath teehatt
71੭੧Seventy-oneikk saath saath teehatt vihee
72੭੨Seventy-twodoo saath saath teehatt vihee
73੭੩Seventy-threeteen saath saath teehatt vihee
74੭੪Seventy-fourchaar saath saath teehatt vihee
75੭੫Seventy-fivepachaas saath saath teehatt
76੭੬Seventy-sixchhabbis saath saath teehatt
77੭੭Seventy-sevensaatah saath saath teehatt
78੭੮Seventy-eightatthaasi saath saath teehatt
79੭੯Seventy-nineunatt saath saath teehatt
80੮੦Eightyaatt teehatt
81੮੧Eighty-oneikk aatt teehatt vihee
82੮੨Eighty-twodoo aatt teehatt vihee
83੮੩Eighty-threeteen aatt teehatt vihee
84੮੪Eighty-fourchaar aatt teehatt vihee
85੮੫Eighty-fivepachaas aatt teehatt
86੮੬Eighty-sixchhabbis aatt teehatt
87੮੭Eighty-sevensaatah aatt teehatt
88੮੮Eighty-eightatthaasi aatt teehatt
89੮੯Eighty-nineunatt aatt teehatt
90੯੦Ninetynavvan teehatt
91੯੧Ninety-oneikk navvan teehatt vihee
92੯੨Ninety-twodoo navvan teehatt vihee
93੯੩Ninety-threeteen navvan teehatt vihee
94੯੪Ninety-fourchaar navvan teehatt vihee
95੯੫Ninety-fivepachaas navvan teehatt
96੯੬Ninety-sixchhabbis navvan teehatt
97੯੭Ninety-sevensaatah navvan teehatt
98੯੮Ninety-eightatthaasi navvan teehatt
99੯੯Ninety-nineunatt navvan teehatt
100੧੦੦One Hundredsaikatt

Greetings in Punjabi

Punjabi GreetingEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਸਤ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ (Sat Sri Akal)Hello / GreetingsSaht sah-ree ah-kahl
ਹੇਲੋ (Hello)HelloHeh-lo
ਕਿਵੇਂ ਹੋ? (Kiven Ho?)How are you?Kee-ven hoh?
ਸੁਪਰਭਾਤ (Suprabhat)Good morningSoo-prah-bhaht
ਸ਼ੁਭ ਸੰਧਿਆ (Shubh Sandhya)Good eveningShoob sah-ndhi-yaa
ਸ਼ੁਭ ਰਾਤ (Shubh Raat)Good nightShoob raht
ਆਪਕਾ ਸਵਾਗਤ ਹੈ (Aapka Swagat Hai)WelcomeAap-kaa swa-gat hai
ਧੰਨਵਾਦ (Dhannavad)Thank youDhun-naa-vud
ਸਾਨੂੰ ਮਾਫ ਕਰੋ (Saano Maaf Karo)Excuse me / SorrySaa-noo maa-f ka-ro
ਕਿੱਥੋ ਆਏ ਹੋ? (Kitho Aaye Ho?)Where are you from?Kee-tho a-ye ho?
ਹੱਸੋ ਜੀ (Hanso Ji)Smile / Be happyHa-soh jee

Body Parts in Punjabi

Punjabi Body PartEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਮੱਥਾ (Matta)HeadMaht-tah
ਆਖਾਂ (Akhan)EyesAh-khaan
ਕੰਧ (Kandh)ShouldersKuh-ndh
ਹੱਡੀ (Haddi)BonesHuh-ddee
ਕੰਨ (Kann)EarsKuh-nn
ਨੱਕ (Nak)NoseNuh-k
ਮੂੰਹ (Muh)MouthMooh
ਗਲ (Gal)ThroatGahl
ਚਿਹਰਾ (Chehra)FaceChay-hra
ਦਿਲ (Dil)HeartDeel
ਹੱਥ (Hath)HandsHu-thh
ਪੈਰ (Pair)LegsPie-r
ਪੇਟ (Pet)Stomach / AbdomenPeht
ਆਪਰ (Apar)FingerAp-par
ਪੈਰਾ (Pera)FeetPay-ra
ਕਾਨ (Kaan)EarKaa-n
ਉੱਁਘ (Oongh)NoseOo-ngh
ਜਿਹਾ (Jiha)TongueJi-haa
ਆਦਮੀ (Admi)ManAd-mee
ਔਰਤ (Aurat)WomanAw-rut
ਬੱਚਾ (Baccha)ChildBach-chaa

Basic Words in Punjabi for Everyday Communication

Punjabi Word/PhraseEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਹੈਲੋ (Hello)HelloHeh-lo
ਕਿਵੇਂ ਹੋ? (Kiven Ho?)How are you?Kee-ven hoh?
ਠੀਕ ਹੈ (Thik Hai)I’m fine / It’s okayT-hik ha-ee
ਕਿਰਪਾ (Kirpa)PleaseKee-r-pa
ਧੰਨਵਾਦ (Dhannavad)Thank youDhun-naa-vud
ਮਾਫ ਕਰੋ (Maaf Karo)Excuse me / SorryMaa-f ka-ro
ਹਾਂ (Haan)YesHaa-n
ਨਹੀਂ (Nahi)NoNa-heen
ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕਾ ਖਾਲਸਾ (Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa)Sikh greetingWah-hey-goo-roo jee kaa khahl-saa
ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕੀ ਫਤਹ (Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh)Sikh greetingWah-hey-goo-roo jee kee fah-theh
ਨਾਮ (Naam)NameNaam
ਸਾਥ (Saath)TogetherSaath
ਬੰਦ (Band)ClosedBa-nd
ਖੋਲ੍ਹ (Khol)OpenKho-lh
ਕੋਈ ਨਹੀਂ (Koi Nahi)NobodyKoi na-heen
ਯਹੀ (Yahi)HereYa-hee
ਉਸੇ (Use)ThereU-se
ਕਿਥੋਂ? (Kithon?)Where from?Kee-thon?
ਕਿਤੇ (Kite)SomewhereKee-teh
ਕਦੋਂ? (Kadon?)When?Ka-don?
ਕਿਵੇਂ? (Kiven?)How?Kee-ven?
ਕੀ? (Ki?)What?Kee?
ਕੈਦੀ (Kaidi)PrisonerKai-dee
ਦੋਸਤ (Dost)FriendDohst

Basic Sentences in Punjabi for Everyday Communication

Punjabi SentenceEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਸਤ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ (Sat Sri Akal)Hello / GreetingsSaht sah-ree ah-kahl
ਤੁਸੀਂ ਕਿਵੇਂ ਹੋ? (Tusi Kiven Ho?)How are you?Too-see kee-ven hoh?
ਮੈਂ ਠੀਕ ਹਾਂ (Main Thik Haan)I’m fine / It’s okayMain t-hik ha-ee
ਕਿਪਾ (Kirpa)PleaseKee-r-pa
ਧੰਨਵਾਦ (Dhannavad)Thank youDhun-naa-vud
ਮਾਫ ਕਰੋ (Maaf Karo)Excuse me / SorryMaa-f ka-ro
ਹਾਂ (Haan)YesHaa-n
ਨਹੀਂ (Nahi)NoNa-heen
ਸਾਥ ਦੇਣਾ (Saath Dena)To helpSaath deh-na
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਮਦਦ ਚਾਹੀਦੀ ਹੈ (Mainu Madad Chahidi Hai)I need helpMai-noo madad cha-hee-dee hai
ਤੁਸੀਂ ਕਿਥੋਂ ਹੋ? (Tusi Kithon Ho?)Where are you from?Too-see kee-thon hoh?
ਕੀ ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਇੰਗਲੈਂਡ ਪਸੰਦ ਹੈ? (Ki Tuhanu England Pasand Hai?)Do you like England?Kee too-ha-noo in-ga-land pa-sand hai?
ਆਪਣੇ ਨਾਮ ਦੱਸੋ (Aapna Naam Daso)Tell your nameAa-pa-ne naam da-so
ਸਾਨੂੰ ਆਪਣੇ ਦੋਸਤ ਦੀ ਲੋੜ ਹੈ (Saano Apne Dost Di Lorh Hai)We need our friendSa-noo aa-pa-ne dohst dee lor ha-i
ਮੈਂ ਬੋਲਦਾ/ਬੋਲਦੀ ਹਾਂ (Main Bol da/Bol di Haan)I speakMain bohl-dah/bohl-dee ha-an

Animals in Punjabi

Punjabi AnimalEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਕੁੱਤਾ (Kutta)DogKu-ttah
ਬਿੱਲੀ (Bili)CatBi-lee
ਗਧਾ (Gadha)DonkeyGa-dhah
ਘੋੜਾ (Ghoda)HorseGho-dah
ਬੱਚਾ (Bachha)CalfBach-chaa
ਬੈਲ (Bail)BuffaloBai-l
ਬੁੱਢਾ (Buddha)Old manBuh-dhah
ਬਕਰੀ (Bakri)GoatBa-kree
ਹਰਣ (Hiran)DeerHee-rahn
ਮੁਰਗਾ (Murga)RoosterMur-gah
ਮੁਰਗੀ (Murgi)HenMur-gee
ਸੂਅਰ (Suar)PigSoo-ar
ਗਾਯ (Gaay)CowGa-ay
ਬਬਬਰ (Babbar)TigerBab-bar
ਸ਼ੇਰ (Sher)LionShehr
ਹਰਣ (Hiran)StagHee-rahn
ਹਰਣੀ (Harani)DoeHee-rah-nee
ਬਿਲਲੀ (Bilali)SquirrelBi-lah-lee
ਮੰਦੀ (Mandi)SheepMuhn-dee
ਬੱਚਾਬੱਚਾ (Bachha Bachha)Puppy / CubBach-chah bach-chah

Insects in Punjabi

Punjabi InsectEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਮੱਛਰ (Machhar)MosquitoMa-ch-har
ਕੀੜਾ (Keeda)WormKee-rra
ਬੱਚਾ (Bachha)LarvaBach-chaa
ਪੰਛੀ (Panchhi)AntPan-chhi
ਬੰਦਰ (Bandar)MonkeyBan-dar
ਤਿੱਤਰ (Titthar)ButterflyTit-thar
ਕੀੜੀ (Keerri)BeetleKee-rr-ee
ਮੱਖੀ (Makhi)FlyMukh-ee
ਛਿੱਟ (Chitt)SpiderChitt
ਕੀੜੀ (Keerri)WormKee-rr-ee
ਪੰਛੀ (Panchhi)BirdPan-chhi
ਸੱਡਾ (Sadda)ScorpionSa-dda
ਕਟੜੂਆ (Kattua)GrasshopperKat-too-a
ਚੀਚਡ਼ (Cheechad)CockroachChee-ch-had
ਹੋਣ (Hon)BeeHohn
ਤਿੱਤਰ (Titthar)MothTit-thar
ਪੰਛੀ (Panchhi)WaspPan-chhi
ਪਪੜੀ (Papri)LadybugPah-p-ree
ਮਕੋੜਾ (Makora)DragonflyMa-kor-ra

Professions in Punjabi

Punjabi ProfessionEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਡਾਕਟਰ (Doctor)DoctorDaa-k-tor
ਅਦਾਕਾਰ (Adakar)ActorAa-da-kar
ਸ਼ਿਕਸ਼ਕ (Shikshak)TeacherSheek-shak
ਨਰਸ (Nurse)NurseNuh-rse
ਪੋਲੀਸ ਅਫਸਰ (Police Officer)Police OfficerPo-leece af-sar
ਕਿਸਾਨ (Kisan)FarmerKee-saan
ਇੰਜੀਨੀਅਰ (Engineer)EngineerEn-ji-neer
ਕੰਪਨੀ ਮੈਨੇਜਰ (Company Manager)Company ManagerKum-pan-ee mayn-e-jar
ਵੱਡਾ ਅਧਿਆਪਕ (Vadda Adhyapak)PrincipalVad-da adh-ya-pak
ਚਾਇਲਡ ਸਪੋਰਟਸ ਕੋਚ (Child Sports Coach)Child Sports CoachChaild spohrts ko-ch
ਨੌਕਰੀਦਾਰ (Naukaridar)EmployeeNau-kah-ree-dar
ਵਕੀਲ (Vakeel)LawyerVa-keel
ਨਾਈ (Nai)BarberNaa-ee
ਡਰਾਇਵਰ (Driver)DriverDrah-ee-vur
ਖੇਤੀਬਾੜੀ (Khetibari)AgriculturistKhet-ee-baar-ee
ਬੁਦਿਮਾਨ (Budhiman)IntellectualBoo-dhee-maan
ਪੋਸਟਮਾਸਟਰ (Postmaster)PostmasterPo-st-mas-tar

Lizards in Punjabi

Punjabi LizardEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਪੱਛਮੀ ਲਿਜ਼ਰ (Pachhmi Lizard)Western LizardPuh-ch-me Lih-zurd
ਬੰਦਰ ਲਿਜ਼ਰ (Bandar Lizard)Monitor LizardBan-dur Lih-zurd
ਚਾਮੀਲੀ (Chameli)ChameleonChah-mee-lee
ਗੀਕੁ (Geeku)GeckoGee-koo
ਸਾਨਪ (Sanp)SnakeSahn-p
ਗੋਬਿੰਦ (Gobind)GobindGo-bind

Vegetables in Punjabi

Punjabi VegetableEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਆਲੂ (Aloo)PotatoAh-loo
ਗਾਜਰ (Gajar)CarrotGah-jar
ਬੈਂਗਣ (Baingan)EggplantBain-gahn
ਮੱਕੀ ਦੀ ਰੋਟੀ (Makki Di Roti)Corn BreadMuhk-kee Dee Roh-tee
ਸਰਸੋਂ ਦਾ ਸਾਗ (Sarson Da Saag)Mustard GreensSar-son Dah Sahg
ਲਾਲ ਮਿਰਚ (Laal Mirch)Red ChiliLaal Meerch
ਗੋਭੀ (Gobhi)CauliflowerGo-bhee
ਲਾਸਣ (Laasan)GarlicLah-san
ਪਿਆਜ਼ (Pyaz)OnionPee-az
ਲਹਸੁਣ (Lehsun)GarlicLeh-soon
ਟਮਾਟਰ (Tamatar)TomatoTa-ma-tar
ਕੰਬਲ (Kambal)CabbageKam-bal
ਸ਼ਿਮਲਾ ਮਿਰਚ (Shimla Mirch)Bell PepperSheem-la Meerch
ਤੁਲਸੀ (Tulsi)BasilTool-see
ਭੂਤ ਜੋਲੋਕੀਆ (Bhoot Jolokia)Ghost PepperBhoot Jol-o-kee-ah
ਮੇਥੀ (Methi)FenugreekMay-thee
ਹਰਾ ਪ੍ਯਾਜ਼ (Hara Pyaz)Green OnionHa-ra Pee-az
ਤੋਂਦਾ (Tonda)RadishTon-da
ਕਰੇਲਾ (Karela)Bitter GourdKa-re-la
ਸ਼ਲਗਮ (Shalgam)TurnipShal-gam
ਸ਼ਿਮਲੀ ਮਿਰਚ (Shimli Mirch)Chili PepperShim-lee Meerch
ਤੁਰਾਈ (Turai)Ridge GourdToo-rai
ਬਠੂਆ (Bathua)ChenopodiumBa-thoo-a

Colors in Punjabi

Punjabi ColorEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਲਾਲ (Laal)RedLaahl
ਪੀਲਾ (Peela)YellowPee-lah
ਹਰਾ (Hara)GreenHa-rah
ਨੀਲਾ (Neela)BlueNee-lah
ਸਫ਼ੇਦ (Safed)WhiteSuh-fayd
ਕਾਲਾ (Kala)BlackKuh-lah
ਗੁਲਾਬੀ (Gulabi)PinkGuh-la-bee
ਕੇਸਰੀ (Kesari)OrangeKay-suh-ree
ਬਿਨਾ (Bina)BrownBee-nah
ਗਰੇਜ (Grey)GreyGray

Fruits in Punjabi

Punjabi FruitEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਆਮ (Aam)MangoAhm
ਕੇਲਾ (Kela)BananaKay-lah
ਅੰਗੂਰ (Angoor)GrapesAhn-goor
ਸੇਬ (Seb)AppleSayb
ਕਿਨੂੰ (Kinoo)OrangeKee-noo
ਨਾਸ਼ਪਾਤੀ (Nashpati)PearNahsh-pa-tee
ਅੰਨਾਨਾਸ (Ananas)PineappleAhn-nah-nahs
ਕਿਕਰੂ (Kikru)PapayaKee-kroo
ਆਦੂ (Aadu)PeachAh-doo
ਪੀਚ (Peach)PeachPeech
ਜਮੂਨ (Jamun)BlackberryJuh-moon
ਅਮਰੂਦ (Amrood)GuavaAm-rood
ਸਨਤਰਾ (Santra)OrangeSan-tur-ah
ਆਨਾਰ (Anar)PomegranateAh-nar
ਚੂਨਾ (Chuna)LimeChoo-nah
ਸੀਤਾਫਲ (Sitafal)Custard AppleSee-taa-fahl
ਤਰਬੂਜ (Tarbooz)WatermelonTar-boo-uz
ਆਂਬ (Aamb)PlumAhmb
ਫ਼ਰੌਟ (Fruit)FruitFroo-t

Relations in Punjabi

Punjabi RelationEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਮਾਂ (Maa)MotherMaa
ਬਾਪੂ (Baapu)FatherBaah-poo
ਦਾਦੀ (Daadi)GrandmotherDah-dee
ਦਾਦਾ (Daada)GrandfatherDah-dah
ਭੈਣ (Bhain)SisterBhayn
ਵੇਲਾ (Vela)BrotherVay-lah
ਪੁੱਤ (Putt)SonPuh-t
ਕੁੜੀ (Kudi)DaughterKuh-ree
ਪੁੱਤਰੀ (Puttari)Daughter-in-lawPuh-tah-ree
ਪੁੱਤਰ (Puttar)Son-in-lawPuh-tah
ਬੇਟਾ (Beta)SonBay-tah
ਬੇਟੀ (Betee)DaughterBay-tee
ਸਾਲ (Saal)Brother-in-lawSaahl
ਸਾਲੀ (Saali)Sister-in-lawSaa-lee
ਬੱਬੂ (Babbu)Father-in-lawBah-boo
ਸਾਸ (Saas)Mother-in-lawSaa-s
ਸਰਦਾਰ (Sardar)HusbandSar-dah-r
ਸਰਦਾਰਣੀ (Sardarni)WifeSar-dah-ree-nee
ਬੇਟੇ ਦੀ ਬਿਵੀ (Bete Di Bivi)Son’s WifeBay-teh Dee Bee-vee
ਪੁੱਤ੍ਰੀ ਦੇ ਦਾਤਾ (Puttri De Daata)Daughter’s HusbandPuh-tree Day Dah-tah
ਪੁੱਤ੍ਰੀ ਦਾ ਪਤੀ (Puttri Da Pati)Daughter’s HusbandPuh-tree Dah Pa-tee

Wishes in Punjabi

Punjabi Wish/GreetingEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਸਤ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ (Sat Sri Akal)Hello / GreetingsSut Suh-ree Uh-kahl
ਖੁਸ਼ ਹਾਲ ਜੀ (Khush Haal Ji)How are you?Khoosh Haal Jee
ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕਾ ਖਾਲਸਾ (Vaheguru Ji Ka Khalsa)Sikh GreetingVa-hay-goo-roo Jee Kah Khahl-sah
ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕੀ ਫਤਹਿ (Vaheguru Ji Ki Fateh)Sikh GreetingVa-hay-goo-roo Jee Kee Fuh-teh
ਇਕ ਓ ਅਲਾ (Ik O Aala)God is OneIk Oh Ah-lah
ਸੁਖੀ ਰਹੋ (Sukhi Raho)Stay HappySoo-khee Rah-hoh
ਚਰਦੀ ਕਲਾ (Chardi Kala)Eternal OptimismChar-dee Kah-lah
ਆਪ ਕਿਵੇਂ ਹੋ? (Aap Kiven Ho?)How are you? (formal)Aap Kee-ven Hoh?
ਖੁਸ਼ ਰਹੋ (Khush Raho)Stay HappyKhoosh Rah-hoh
ਵਧੇਰੇ ਖੁਸ਼ੀਆਂ (Vadhere Khushiyan)Many BlessingsVudh-hay-ray Khoosheean
ਮੁਬਾਰਕ ਹੋ (Mubarak Ho)CongratulationsMoo-bah-rak Hoh
ਜਨਮ ਦਿਨ ਦੀਆਂ ਮੁਬਾਰਕਾਂ (Janam Din Diyan Mubarkan)Happy BirthdayJah-nam Deen Dee-yahn Moo-bah-rkan
ਧੰਨਵਾਦ (Dhannvad)Thank YouDhan-waad
ਚਰਦੀ ਕਲਾ (Chardi Kala)Eternal OptimismChar-dee Kah-lah
ਆਪਣੀ ਸਿਹਤ ਸੁਖੀ ਰਹੇ (Aapni Sehat Sukhi Rahe)Stay HealthyAap-nee Suh-hat Soo-khee Rah-hay
ਮੇਹਰਬਾਨੀ ਕਰਕੇ (Mehrbaani Karke)PleaseMayr-bah-nee Kar-kay
ਸਾਡੀ ਮਦਦ ਕਰੋ (Saadi Madad Karo)Help usSah-dee Muh-dad Kar-oh

Most Used Words in Punjabi

Punjabi WordEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਮੇਰਾ (Mera)MyMay-rah
ਤੁਸੀਂ (Tusi)You (formal)Too-see
ਹੈ (Hai)is / areHah-ee
ਨੇ (Ne)has / haveNay
ਇਹ (Eh)thisAyh
ਉਸਨੇ (Usne)he/she/it didUs-nay
ਸੀ (Si)was / wereSee
ਕਰ (Kar)do / makeKar
ਸੀ (Si)didSee
ਪੰਜਾਬ (Punjab)PunjabPun-jah-b
ਵੱਡਾ (Vadda)BigVuh-duh
ਹੋ (Ho)am / is / areHoh
ਵਰਗਾ (Varga)Like / similarVar-gah
ਲੋਕ (Lok)PeopleLok
ਇੱਥੇ (Ithe)HereEe-the
ਹੁਣ (Hun)NowHuhn
ਕੀ (Ki)WhatKee
ਹੈ (Hai)there is / areHah-ee
ਦਿਨ (Din)DayDeen
ਕੰਪਿਊਟਰ (Computer)ComputerKum-pyu-tar
ਸਿਖਦਾ (Sikhda)LearnSikh-dah
ਸਿਖਦੀ (Sikhdi)LearnsSikh-dee
ਸਿਖਦੇ (Sikhde)LearnSikh-day
ਦੋਸਤ (Dost)FriendDohst
ਹੈ (Hai)YesHah-ee
ਸੀ (Si)NoSee
ਕਿੰਗ (King)KingKing
ਦੁੱਖ (Dukh)Pain / sorrowDuhk
ਰਾਤ (Raat)NightRah-t
ਬੱਚਾ (Bachha)ChildBach-chaa
Punjabi PhraseEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਇਸਟੇਸ਼ਨ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ? (Ishteshan Kithay Hai?)Where is the station?Iss-tey-shan Kit-hay Hai?
ਟ੍ਰੈਨ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਜਾਂਦੀ ਹੈ? (Train Kithay Jaandi Hai?)Where does the train go?Train Kit-hay Jaan-dee Hai?
ਕਿਰਾਏ ਦੀ ਗੱਡੀ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ? (Kiraaye Di Gaddi Kithay Hai?)Where is the rental car?Ki-raa-ye Dee Gad-dee Kit-hay Hai?
ਏਅਰਪੋਰਟ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ? (Airport Kithay Hai?)Where is the airport?Air-pohrt Kit-hay Hai?
ਟਿਕਟ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਖਰੀਦੀ ਜਾ ਸਕਦੀ ਹੈ? (Ticket Kithay Khareedi Ja Sakdi Hai?)Where can I buy a ticket?Tick-et Kit-hay Khah-ree-dee Ja Sahk-dee Hai?
ਪਹੁੰਚਣ ਦਾ ਸਮਯ ਕੀ ਹੈ? (Pahunchan Da Samay Ki Hai?)What is the arrival time?Pah-hun-chan Dah Sah-may Kee Hai?
ਮੈਂ ਇਸਟੇਸ਼ਨ ਜਾਣਾ ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ ਹਾਂ (Main Ishteshan Jaana Chaahunda Haan)I want to go to the stationMain Iss-tey-shan Jaah-na Chaa-hun-daa Haan
ਹੋਟਲ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ? (Hotel Kithay Hai?)Where is the hotel?Ho-tel Kit-hay Hai?
ਬੱਸ ਸਟਾਪ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ? (Bus Stop Kithay Hai?)Where is the bus stop?Bus Stahp Kit-hay Hai?
ਮੈਂ ਇੱਕ ਟੈਕਸੀ ਬੁਲਾਉਣਾ ਚਾਹੁੰਦਾ ਹਾਂ (Main Ik Taxi Bulaauna Chaahunda Haan)I want to call a taxiMain Eek Tuhk-see Boo-la-oo-nah Chaa-hun-daa Haan
ਕਿੰਗਡਮ (Kingdom)KingdomKing-dum
ਰਸਤੇ (Raste)RoadsRaas-tay
ਯਾਤਰੀ (Yatri)TravelerYaa-tri
ਮੈਂ ਵੱਡੀ ਜਗਹ ਜਾ ਰਿਹਾ ਹਾਂ (Main Vaddi Jagah Ja Riha Haan)I am going to a big placeMain Vad-dee Jah-gah Ja Ree-hah Haan
ਕੋਈ ਰੁਕਨ ਦਾ ਸਥਾਨ ਕਿੱਥੇ ਹੈ? (Koi Rukn Da Sthaan Kithay Hai?)Where is a rest stop?Koy Roo-kun Daa Suh-thaan Kit-hay Hai?

Famous Foods in Punjabi

Punjabi FoodEnglish MeaningApproximate Pronunciation
ਬੱਟੇਰ ਚੀਕਨ (Butter Chicken)A rich chicken curry dishBuh-ter Chick-en
ਸਰਸੋਂ ਦਾ ਸਾਗ (Sarson Da Saag)Mustard GreensSar-son Daa Saag
ਮੱਕੀ ਦੀ ਰੋਟੀ (Makki Di Roti)Corn FlatbreadMuh-kee Dee Roh-tee
ਚੋਲੇ ਭਟੂਰੇ (Chole Bhature)Chickpea Curry with Fried BreadChoh-lay Bhuh-too-ray
ਪਲਕ ਪੰਕੋੜੇ (Palak Paneer)Spinach with Cottage CheesePuh-luk Puh-neh-er
ਤਨਦੂਰੀ ਚਿਕਨ (Tandoori Chicken)Marinated Grilled ChickenTan-doo-ree Chick-en
ਪਨੀਰ ਟਿੱਕਾ (Paneer Tikka)Grilled Cottage CheesePuh-neer Tik-ka
ਆਲੂ ਪਰੌਂਠਾ (Aloo Paratha)Potato-stuffed FlatbreadAh-loo Puh-rah-thah
ਰਾਜਮਾ (Rajma)Kidney Bean CurryRaj-maa
ਸੀਖ ਕਬਾਬ (Seekh Kebab)Minced Meat SkewersSeek Keh-bab
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਕੜੀ (Punjabi Kadhi)Yogurt-based CurryPun-jah-bee Kah-dee
ਗਾਜਰ ਹਲਵਾ (Gajar Halwa)Carrot PuddingGuh-jar Hal-wa
ਮੱਕੀ ਦੀ ਕੀਰ (Makki Di Keer)Corn PuddingMuh-kee Dee Keer
ਪਨੀਰ ਬੁੱਟੇਰ ਮਸਾਲਾ (Paneer Butter Masala)Cottage Cheese in Tomato GravyPuh-neer Buh-ter Mah-sah-lah
ਗਰਮਾ ਗਰਮ ਪਕੌੜੇ (Garam Garam Pakore)Hot FrittersGuh-ruhm Guh-ruhm Puh-koh-ray
ਅੱਲੂ ਪ੍ਰਾਂਠਾ (Aloo Prantha)Potato-stuffed FlatbreadAh-loo Prah-uhn-thah
ਮੱਛੀ ਦੀ ਰਵਾਂ (Machhi Di Rawaan)Fish CurryMah-chhee Dee Rah-waan
ਪਨੀਰ ਕਾਂਡਾ (Paneer Kanda)Cottage Cheese with OnionsPuh-neer Kahn-dah
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਸਮੋਸਾ (Punjabi Samosa)Deep-fried Stuffed PastryPun-jah-bee Sah-moh-sah
ਸੂਜੀ ਹਲਵਾ (Sooji Halwa)Semolina PuddingSoo-jee Hal-wa

Free Full Course Curriculum for Learners to Learn Punjabi Language

Course Title: Beginner’s Punjabi Language Course

Course Duration: 3 Months (adjustable based on learner’s pace)

Course Outline:

Module 1: Introduction to Punjabi Language

  • Lesson 1: Punjabi Alphabet (Gurmukhi Script)
  • Lesson 2: Pronunciation and Writing Practice
  • Lesson 3: Basic Vocabulary and Greetings
  • Lesson 4: Numbers and Counting

Module 2: Building Basic Sentences

  • Lesson 5: Introduction to Sentence Structure
  • Lesson 6: Common Questions and Answers
  • Lesson 7: Describing People and Objects
  • Lesson 8: Daily Activities and Routine

Module 3: Exploring Grammar and Tenses

  • Lesson 9: Present Tense Verbs
  • Lesson 10: Past Tense Verbs
  • Lesson 11: Future Tense Verbs
  • Lesson 12: Negation and Interrogation

Module 4: Expanding Vocabulary

  • Lesson 13: Family and Relationships
  • Lesson 14: Food and Dining
  • Lesson 15: Travel and Directions
  • Lesson 16: Hobbies and Leisure Activities

Module 5: Intermediate Level

  • Lesson 17: Expressing Emotions and Opinions
  • Lesson 18: Describing Events and Celebrations
  • Lesson 19: Shopping and Bargaining
  • Lesson 20: Expressing Likes and Dislikes

Module 6: Advanced Topics

  • Lesson 21: Punjabi Literature and Culture
  • Lesson 22: History and Folklore
  • Lesson 23: Advanced Grammar Concepts
  • Lesson 24: Current Affairs and News Reading

Module 7: Practical Application

  • Lesson 25: Role-play and Conversational Practice
  • Lesson 26: Writing Essays and Short Stories
  • Lesson 27: Listening and Comprehension Exercises
  • Lesson 28: Interactive Group Activities

Module 8: Final Review and Assessment

  • Lesson 29: Revision of Key Concepts
  • Lesson 30: Final Examinations and Certification

Course Materials:

  • Textbooks or Online Resources with Punjabi Grammar and Vocabulary
  • Audio and Video Materials for Pronunciation Practice
  • Interactive Exercises and Quizzes
  • Conversational Partners (if available)
  • Cultural Materials (Music, Movies, etc.)


  • Weekly Quizzes
  • Mid-term Examination
  • Final Examination
  • Oral Proficiency Test
  • Written Assignments


  • Certificate of Completion

This curriculum provides a structured approach to learning Punjabi, covering the basics to advanced topics. Learners can adjust the pace based on their availability and learning speed. Additionally, incorporating cultural elements into the curriculum enhances the overall learning experience.

How to Easily Learn Punjabi Language Writing, Speaking, Reading?

Learning Punjabi, like any language, requires dedication and a structured approach. Here’s a step-by-step guide to easily learn Punjabi in terms of writing, speaking, and reading:

  1. Step 1: Familiarize Yourself with the Punjabi Script (Gurmukhi)

    Start by learning the Punjabi alphabet (Gurmukhi script). There are 35 letters.
    Practice writing each letter and pay attention to proper pronunciation.

  2. Step 2: Basic Vocabulary and Greetings

    Begin with common Punjabi greetings and basic vocabulary.
    Learn to introduce yourself and have simple conversations.

  3. Step 3: Master Punjabi Pronunciation

    Pay special attention to Punjabi pronunciation, as it can be different from English.
    Use audio resources to practice pronunciation regularly.

  4. Step 4: Develop Your Reading Skills

    Start with simple Punjabi texts and gradually progress to more complex material.
    Practice reading newspapers, books, or online articles in Punjabi.

  5. Step 5: Grammar and Sentence Structure

    Study Punjabi grammar, including sentence structure, verb conjugation, and tenses.
    Work through grammar exercises to reinforce your understanding.

  6. Step 6: Expand Your Vocabulary

    Continuously build your Punjabi vocabulary by learning new words and phrases.
    Use flashcards or vocabulary apps for memorization.

  7. Step 7: Practice Speaking

    Engage in conversations with native speakers if possible.
    Join Punjabi language classes or language exchange groups.

  8. Step 8: Writing Skills

    Write regularly in Punjabi, such as maintaining a diary or composing short essays.
    Ask for feedback to improve your writing skills.

  9. Step 9: Immerse Yourself in Punjabi Culture

    Watch Punjabi movies, listen to Punjabi music, and explore Punjabi cuisine.
    Learning the culture can deepen your understanding of the language.

  10. Step 10: Stay Consistent and Patient

    Language learning takes time and effort, so stay consistent in your practice.
    Be patient with yourself and celebrate small achievements.

  11. Step 11: Use Language Learning Apps and Resources

    Utilize language learning apps and online resources designed for Punjabi learners.
    These can provide interactive lessons, quizzes, and exercises.

  12. Step 12: Seek Feedback and Correction

    Regularly seek feedback from native speakers or language instructors.
    Correct your mistakes to improve your language skills.

  13. Step 13: Visit Punjabi-Speaking Regions

    If possible, travel to regions where Punjabi is widely spoken.
    Immersion experiences can greatly enhance your language skills.

  14. Step 14: Join Punjabi Language Communities

    Join online forums or social media groups dedicated to learning Punjabi.
    Engage in discussions and ask questions to further your knowledge.

  15. Step 15: Celebrate Milestones

    Set language learning milestones and celebrate your progress.
    Reward yourself for reaching certain goals.

Remember that learning a language is a gradual process, and everyone progresses at their own pace. Stay motivated, practice regularly, and enjoy the journey of learning Punjabi.

What language do Punjabi speak?

Punjabi people primarily speak Punjabi, a language belonging to the Indo-Aryan language family, with Gurmukhi script commonly used in India and Shahmukhi in Pakistan.

What country do they speak Punjabi?

Punjabi is spoken predominantly in two countries, India and Pakistan, where it holds official language status in the state of Punjab.

Is Punjabi a religious language?

Punjabi is not inherently a religious language, but it is closely associated with Sikhism due to its use in Sikh religious texts, like the Guru Granth Sahib.

Why is it called Punjabi?

The name “Punjabi” comes from the Persian words “panj” (five) and “ab” (water), referring to the “Land of Five Waters” or the historical region of Punjab with its five rivers.

Is Punjabi the easiest language to learn?

Whether Punjabi is the easiest language to learn depends on your native language and personal aptitude. It may be easier for speakers of Indo-Aryan languages.

Can I learn Punjabi in 30 days?

Learning Punjabi in 30 days to fluency is a challenging goal. You can learn basics, but achieving fluency typically takes more time and practice.

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